As the makeup of organizations and the workforce continues to change, it has become more and more apparent that an organization’s capacity for change and innovation, and ultimately its bottom-line performance, is what allows it to survive in the long-term. This capacity is greatly impacted by all types of diversity and inclusion and the learning culture, and is further mediated by psychological safety and transformational leadership, creating an even stronger link between the elements. It is not enough to simply appreciate these competencies at a superficial level; organizations must take the time to ensure their members understand each component and apply them with purpose. In doing so, organizations demonstrate their attentiveness to their members and customers while simultaneously illustrating their flexibility and safeguarding their future.
Breast Is Best?: A Critical Analysis of A Personal Experience
Like probably every mother who has ever breastfed or plans to breastfeed, I held the espoused theory that "Breast Is Best" - because it was natural, helped you bond with your baby, and reduced the risk of morbidity and mortality and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), among other benefits. I also incorrectly assumed that it was easy, and that mothers who chose not to did so for selfish reasons. Oh, how wrong I was!
Barriers to Team and Organizational Learning
Team or organizational learning is a collaborative effort, a shared endeavor, in which both the organization and its members thrive. However, as can be expected, there are several barriers that can thwart it.
The Value of the Learning Culture
To create an effective learning culture, I believe that four main factors should be considered: 1) The balance between exploration and exploitation, 2) Survival anxiety (vs. learning anxiety), 3) A growth mindset (vs. a fixed mindset), and 4) Psychological safety.
Learning Processes and Mechanisms in the University of Utah Department of Surgery
At a basic level, organizational learning describes the creation, retention, and transfer of knowledge within an organization. This is achieved at the University of Utah's Department of Surgery via formal and informal learning, and through the use and support of Senge's five disciplines and Smerek's thinking dispositions. By creating this type of learning culture, the University of Utah benefits from increased efficiency, productivity, profit, and employee satisfaction; decreased turnover; and a culture of inquiry and sharing.
The 4I Framework and the University of Utah’s Department of Surgery
According to Crossan et al., organizational learning entails four processes (intuiting, interpreting, integrating, and institutionalizing) utilized across three levels (individual, group, and organization), known as the "4I framework."
Italian Jews Who Survived the Shoah: A Critical Analysis Using Elements of Thought
"In the vast majority of cases, Jews who survived the Holocaust in Italy did so in one (or more) of three ways: by blending in with the non-Jewish population; by fleeing over the border into Switzerland; or by taking refuge in private homes, church dormitories or convents, or medical institutions."
Adult Education: Reflections, Applications, and Philosophy
Since the inception of adult education as a professional field of practice in the early twentieth century, educators have produced several orientations, theories, and philosophies on adult learning, and have wondered how best to apply these in their teaching environments. While theories may be universally recognized, one's own orientations and philosophy is what drives an educator's teaching habits and how they regard their learners.
Adult Learning Theory: A History and Application of Self-Directed Learning in Medical Education
Adult learning theory is intrinsically rooted in humanistic psychology, or humanism, one of the "traditional" learning theories, made popular by humanists such as Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers in the mid-1900s. However, it wasn't until the late twentieth century that the first systematic formulation differentiating between children and adult learners was proposed by Malcolm Knowles in the United States.
How History is Created by Historians
It may be surprising to some that history can be described in an almost indefinite amount of ways. Yet, for all its definitions, plainly stated, history is the study of the past, a catalogue of events that have happened.