Browsing Category

Education

Education Lifestyle

Breast Is Best?: A Critical Analysis of A Personal Experience

Breast is Best? A Critical Analysis of A Personal Experience

“If you can’t think critically you have no chance of recognizing, let alone pushing back on, those times you are being manipulated.” [1] Many people (me included at one time) believe that critical thinking only takes place in formal settings like academia – but they would be wrong. In fact, critical thinking is an essential life skill. Brookfield identified five phases of critical thinking: trigger event, appraisal, exploration, developing alternative perspectives, and…

Continue Reading

Education

Barriers to Team and Organzational Learning

Barriers to Team and Organizational Learning

Recent events have had me thinking about team and organizational learning… that is, effective learning and the barriers that exist that may prevent it. When thinking about the subject, and researching it, I have come to deduce that everything is, in one way or another, related to team dynamics and institutional culture. In the medical field, additional aspects come in to play – different medical specialists are experts in their discipline, but…

Continue Reading

Education

The Value of the Learning Culture

The Value of the Learning Culture

As Arie De Geus, head of planning for Royal Dutch/Shell once said, “the ability to learn faster than your competitors may be the only sustainable competitive advantage” an organization may have (as cited in Senge, 2006, p. 4). Senge (2006) goes on to state that organizations that “discover how to tap people’s commitment and capacity to learn at all levels in an organization” are the ones that will not only survive, but…

Continue Reading

Education Medicine

Learning Processes and Mechanisms in the University of Utah Department of Surgery

Learning Processes & Mechanisms in the University of Utah Department of Surgery

As an academic medical center, the University of Utah is dedicated to “serv[ing] the people of Utah and beyond by continually improving individual and community health and quality of life” through “excellence in patient care, education, and research” (University of Utah Health, n.d.). The University’s mission includes providing compassionate care, educating scientists and health care professionals, and engaging in research. These goals are evident in the Department of Surgery through formal learning…

Continue Reading

Education

The 4I Framework & the University of Utah’s Department of Surgery

The 4I Framework & the University of Utah's Department of Surgery

According to Crossan et al. (1999), organizational learning entails four processes (intuiting, interpreting, integrating, and institutionalizing) utilized across three levels (individual, group, and organization), known as the “4I framework.” Interestingly, while intuiting is an inherently “human” trait (i.e., performed at the individual level), and institutionalizing must be done at the organization level, the processes of interpreting and integrating blur the lines of individual/group and group/organization, respectively. In my opinion, this is apparent…

Continue Reading

Education European History History Italy

Italian Jews Who Survived the Shoah: A Critical Analysis Using Elements of Thought

Italian Jews Who Survived the Shoah: A Critical Analysis Using Elements of Thought

Paul and Elder (2019) define eight elements of thoughts used in critical thinking: purpose, question at issue, information, interpretation and inference, concepts, assumptions, implications and consequences, and point of view. As these components are embedded in all reasoning, they are utilized here in deconstructing Picciotto’s 2016 “Italian Jews who survived the Shoah: Jewish self-help and Italian rescuers, 1943-1945.” This analysis begins with the matter of purpose – what was Picciotto trying to…

Continue Reading