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Syndrome K: The Fake Disease that Saved Italian Jews from the Nazi Regime
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Syndrome K: The Fake Disease that Saved Italian Jews from the Nazi Regime

Syndrome K was a neurological illness "that began with convulsions and dementia and led to paralysis and death from asphyxia." This ailment, which terrified the Nazi soldiers occupying the city, reportedly saved anywhere from 20 to over 100 Jews who were destined for the Auschwitz concentration camp. But how was this possible during an epidemic of such a lethal sickness?

The brick kiln in San Giorgio (where the Vini San Giorgio winery now stands) in 1928.
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Finding Treasure in an Unlikely Place

Finding a new artifact to add to one's One-Place Study is something I think we can all agree is exciting! While some "One-Placers" may have an overabundance of civil records, church records, newspaper articles, letters, photographs, etc. at their disposal (depending on where and when they are located), others may have to dig a little deeper, look a little harder, to find even an ounce of information about their places.

The Urbanization of Sao Paulo, Brazil
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The Urbanization of Sao Paulo, Brazil

Urbanization of Latin America began in the latter part of the twentieth century, and it is no better evidenced than in this Brazilian city. While other areas were following the European model for urbanism, Sao Paulo specifically prescribed to the American model - building upward. The megacity boasts a population of 18 million people and is a city of immigrants that built it neighborhood by neighborhood. Today, the city is over 3,000 square miles big and stretches more than 50 miles end to end.

La Mano de Punta del Este
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Uruguayan Politics

Controlled by Argentina and Brazil to the north and northwest, and Spanish colonies along the Rio de la Plata, Uruguay declared its independence in 1810 (though it didn't truly achieve it until 1828). Unfortunately, as soon as the country gained its freedom, it lapsed into a civil war between early liberals and conservatives that lasted until the early 1850s...

Hernan Cortes & Francisco Pizarro
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Hernan Cortes, Francisco Pizarro, and their Conquest and Settlement of Latin America

Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro were quite parallel in their conquest and settlement of Latin America, though their lives had differed up until that point. Both born in the late 1400s, Cortes was a student studying law that left university for the promises of the New World, and Pizarro was a soldier and explorer. Yet, they would both lead the conquests and cause the fall of the Aztec and Inca empires, respectively.

Zoroastrianism
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On Zoroastrianism: The Sacred Fire, the Garment of Good Mind, and the Girdle of Righteousness

Originating from what is now northeastern Iran or southwestern Afghanistan, Zoroastrianism is one of the world's oldest religions. Ahura Mazda, or the Wise Lord, is the ultimate entity; members believe he is the eternal source of light in both the menog (world of thought) and the getig (world of bones).

The Enabling Act
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The Rise of Extremist Groups Following the Great Depression

The crash of the United States stock market on October 29, 1929 triggered a global depression in which extremist groups such as fascists and Nazis were allowed to thrive. Between the years of 1929 and 1933 prices would fall, output shrank, and unemployment soared as the world economy collapsed. The U.S. market lost two-thirds of its value, the British market one-fifth, and the German an astounding one-half.