It is said that concepts of proper societal and governmental leadership were born in ancient societies, that principles from pagan religions can be seen in modern Christianity, and that even today's approach to morality and ethics is owed, for example, to ancient Greek philosophers and others from that long-ago time.
Monumental Roman Architecture
The Egyptians, Persians, Etruscans, and Greeks all had monumental architecture. Indeed, Greek- and even Etruscan-style construction were predominant predecessors to that of the Romans for the greater part of the Mediterranean world in the early 5th century BCE. Yet, Rome approached its architecture as “an honour, and almost an obligation, to adorn the splendor of their age and country," reflecting the “practical character, restless energy and organizational mindset of its creators."
Republican Roman Class Structure
Republican Rome enjoyed a hierarchical society, with patricians exercising power over plebeians at the establishment of the city and later experiencing a breakdown and reorganization of the social structure in the latter half of the Republican period.
The Neolithic Revolution
The Neolithic Revolution was a major point in the advancement of mankind. Up until roughly 10,000 BCE humans were largely nomadic, migrating from place to place, typically in small groups or bands of about 20 to 30 people, gathering food such as fruit and insects and hunting or fishing to live.  Towards the end...
Democracy in Ancient Greece
Around the eighth century BCE, the Ancient Greeks established political units known as poleis or city-states throughout their homeland. Because these components were separate entities, they were all ruled in different manners. The common governments in those times were either oligarchies, where the rich few were in charge, or monarchies, where power was held by...
The Ancient Romans are superficially remembered for their wars and conquests, constantly battling adversaries on nearly every front, from the Etruscans in the North to the Carthaginians invading from the sea in the west. Yet, between 27 BCE and 180 CE the Roman Empire experienced a time of peace and unprecedented economic prosperity. This ~...
The Roman Political System
The Roman political system evolved significantly between the city’s founding and the end of the Republic in 27 BCE, particularly between 753 and 287 BCE. Several factors played a major role in this evolution, leading to the basic structure of a Republican government that would later be adopted by other countries, specifically the United States.