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The Ancient World

History Political Science The Ancient World World History

Concepts of Proper Societal/Governmental Leadership

Concepts of Proper Societal_Governmental Leadership

It is said that concepts of proper societal and governmental leadership were born in ancient societies, that principles from pagan religions can be seen in modern Christianity, and that even today’s approach to morality and ethics is owed, for example, to ancient Greek philosophers and others from that long-ago time. In thinking of the Mediterranean World and the origins of influential ancient societies such as Rome and Greece, particularly how it applies…

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History The Ancient World

Monumental Roman Architecture

Monumental Roman Architecture

The Egyptians, Persians, Etruscans, (1) and Greeks all had monumental architecture. Indeed, Greek- and even Etruscan-style construction were predominant predecessors to that of the Romans for the greater part of the Mediterranean world in the early 5th century BCE. Yet, Rome approached its architecture as “an honour, and almost an obligation, to adorn the splendor of their age and country,” (2) reflecting the “practical character, restless energy and organizational mindset of its…

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History The Ancient World

Republican Roman Class Structure

Republican Roman Class Structure

Republican Rome enjoyed a hierarchical society, with patricians exercising power over plebeians at the establishment of the city and later experiencing a breakdown and reorganization of the social structure in the latter half of the Republican period. Patricians were “the descendants of the founding families of Rome,” (2) while the plebians were “of more humble birth, often the descendants of non-Romans.” (2) Life was quite dissimilar between the classes merely because of…

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History The Ancient World World History

The Neolithic Revolution

The Neolithic Revolution

The Neolithic Revolution was a major point in the advancement of mankind. Up until roughly 10,000 BCE humans were largely nomadic, migrating from place to place, typically in small groups or bands of about 20 to 30 people, gathering food such as fruit and insects and hunting or fishing to live. (1) Towards the end of the Stone Age, man discovered how to cultivate crops and domesticate animals, leading to an Agricultural…

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Political Science The Ancient World

Democracy in Ancient Greece

Democracy in Ancient Greece

Around the eighth century BCE, the Ancient Greeks established political units known as poleis or city-states throughout their homeland. Because these components were separate entities, they were all ruled in different manners. The common governments in those times were either oligarchies, where the rich few were in charge, or monarchies, where power was held by a single person. However, in the year 507 BCE, Cleisthenes, the Athenian leader, introduced a system of…

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History The Ancient World World History

Pax Romana

Pax Romana

The Ancient Romans are superficially remembered for their wars and conquests, constantly battling adversaries on nearly every front, from the Etruscans in the North to the Carthaginians invading from the sea in the west. Yet, between 27 BCE and 180 CE the Roman Empire experienced a time of peace and unprecedented economic prosperity. This ~ 200-year span was established by Augustus after the Republican civil wars and was known as “Pax Romana”…

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